Post-press bookbinding 1000 questions - basic knowledge section

If the editor's book is beautifully printed, it cannot be regarded as a high-quality book product if it is bound poorly. In recent years, more and more people have realized the importance of binding technologies and processes. The “Publishing and Commercial Printing” section of this publication will gradually publish “1000 Postpress Technology” prepared by the industry expert Wang Huaizhu from this issue, hoping to help readers. If you have any questions in the binding production after printing, please also send us a letter. We will ask Mr. Wang to answer your questions. One, binding noun explanation What is press binding? A: Post-press refers to the processing of printed sheets after printing. It is a batch of printed semi-finished products (including charts, liners, covers, etc.) that are printed. According to different specifications and requirements, different methods of binding, locking, and sticking are used to connect them and select different ones. The packaging method is packaged and processed to make it easy to use, read, and save the printed matter. The processing of books (including this volume) is actually the first order (joint) after the loading (frame), because in the processing is based on the main, it is called binding. The bookbinding process (folding, matching, ordering, locking, sticking, etc.) is referred to as book block processing; the book block that will be linked into a booklet, and the process of wrapping the cover of the outer garment are called book cover processing, also called assembly processing. In short, printed pages, after the process of setting and loading. You can become a print that can be read, used, and saved. 2. What are the major steps in the production of books and periodicals? Answer: There are three major processes, namely prepress processing, printing processing and postpress processing. Among them, the post-press processing is divided into packaging and decoration processing and printing and binding processing. 3. What kind of process is the postpress binding? A: Post-press binding is a process in which there are many types of work (approximately a few types of work), machine styles, a wide range of models (roughly 100 types), a wide range of materials, and a variety of processing methods. At the same time, it is a process of printing arts. Operation procedure. The quality of the products processed in this process is related to the success or failure of printed products. With the continuous development and reform of the printing industry, the binding process has now been gradually developed from a backward manual operation to a mechanized, interlocking, and automated operation. 4. How important is the binding process in the production of books (including this book)? Answer: There are mainly three aspects. (1) The effect of the quality of book binding on the reading effect, use, and shelf life. Whether the pages and pages of the book are correct and correct; whether the binding (sticking, etc.) is firm and tidy; whether the cover binding is correct in terms of net, firm service, and flattened deformation does not affect the reading effect and shelf life. (2) The influence of the quality of book binding on prepress and printing. The process design of book processing, especially the binding design and processing of book covers, has a direct impact on the overall effect of printed products. Books generally reflect the grade, content and level of the outer cover through the design and processing of the outer cover. The high level of design and molding process of the binding and the good quality can be welcomed and favored by the readers. If prepress and printing have reached the level of intensive cultivation, and the binding of the last completed process has been improperly processed and poorly displayed, and the quality of the books cannot be expressed, then even the best printing products cannot be reflected, and even their work is abandoned. Therefore, not only prepress and printing are important during the book production process, and the binding process after printing is more important because this process is the packaging process of the printed products. Only the high-quality post-processing can obtain the desired results because of the production of a book. The process is a whole concept. (3) The effect of post-press binding on the publishing cycle. The processing of the binding process not only ensures quality, but also cooperates with the above processes to complete tasks on time, guarantee or shorten the publication cycle. There are a large number of publications in the processing of books, the time requirements are very strong, from the truth speaking, prepress and printing should ensure their respective accurate processing time and flow program, but the actual often can not reach the expected results, and finally will The pressure is concentrated on the binding of the post process. Therefore, the binding process must ensure the quality and speed up, but also make up for certain problems that may arise in the printing process to ensure the stability of the publishing cycle. 5. What are the types of paper packaging? A: There are two kinds of flat paper and web. 6. What are the specifications of books and periodicals currently in force in China? A: China's current regulations on the specifications of books and periodicals are international standards A and B. They have been set into the national standard GB/T 788-1999. There are two types of A-series paper sizes: 890mm × 1240mm and 900mm × 1280mm; B-series paper size is 1000mm × 1400mm. 7. How is the paper weight "g" calculated? A: The paper weight is calculated in units of g/m2 in terms of the number of grams per square meter (m2) per sheet. People are used to abbreviation "g". 8. What is the order number? A: The order number is a unit of measure for paper, which originated in the United Kingdom and is later used internationally. 500 sheets of full-length (or full-open) paper is called a ream (a ream of paper = 500 full-sheets of paper, that is, the original full-format flat sheet); every 250 sheets of full-sheet paper or 500 sheets of open (two open) Paper is called semi-ream paper. 9. What is the opening number? A: The opening number refers to how many plates are printed on a full sheet of paper or how many pieces of paper are cut. A full sheet of paper is called full-open; two sheets of full-page paper are folded, folded once, or cut from the middle to be called second-open or split-on; split paper is cut from the middle or folded back to four-open, and then Cutting or folding is called eight open, 16 open, 32 open and so on. 10. What is the open and open size? A: The open book refers to the format specification of a full sheet of paper that has been processed by cutting or folding. The open size refers to the actual size of the book format after being bound and cut according to the specified format. The open size is allowed by the national standard to have an error of ±1mm. 11. What kinds of books are available in the country's book size? Answer: The national size of the open plan is the adopted international standard series, which has now been implemented within the national industry standard GB/T 1999 in the country. The current size of the current edition of the books and periodicals is mainly A series specifications, which are listed below: A4 (16k) 297mm x 210mm; A5 (32k) 210mm x 148mm; A6 (64k) 144mm x 105mm three types, of which the size of A3 (8k) is not yet Set in, but generally 420mm × 297mm. 12. What is print? A: A printed sheet is a sheet of paper printed. A printed sheet is equal to 1/2 of a full-open sheet, ie a facing sheet. 13. What is the version of the heart? A; version of the heart refers to the publication of the book and remove the white part of the printed image and text. 14. What is the layout? A: The layout refers to the printed pages, including the entire part of the text and white. 15. What is copyright? A: Copyright is also referred to as a version record or a version statement. It is the publisher who introduces the history of a book. Copyright facilitates the reader to understand the publication of the book, etc., and is usually printed on the back of the backing sheet or on the bottom page of the book or the bottom of the seal. Copyright is the publisher's right to dispose of the works it enjoys. It has titles such as title, author, publisher, printer, distributor, specifications, number of times, number of prints, number of words, and pricing. 16. What is left to open this. A: Left-open refers to the way the book is turned to the left when it is read. The left-hand open book is a horizontal typeset. That is, each line of characters is arranged horizontally. When reading, the characters look from left to right. 17. What is the right copy? A: Right-opening is a way to open to the right when reading, right-album is a vertical typeset, that is, each line of words is arranged vertically, reading from top to bottom, from right to left (only refers to the arrangement of Chinese characters ). 18. What is a vertical open book? Answer: The vertical open text means that the specifications of the book (up to the feet) are longer (left to right) than the specifications of the book. Books in the binding process often open the large size of the size of the front in the front, such as 297mm × 210mm of the open, then the book is a vertical format (length × width). 19. What is a horizontal open book? A: In contrast to vertical copying, horizontal copying is a format in which books and magazines have shorter and shorter specifications than left and right specifications. In the binding process, the decimal in the open size is written in front, such as 210mm x 297mm, indicating that the book is in horizontal format (length x width). 20. What is a book? A: The printed page (cut or not) will be folded into several folds after the page number and layout order, and will be called a booklet after a few pages. All large-format pages must be made into signatures before they can be bound and processed in the next process. twenty one. What is book block? A: The title of a folded book (or a single page), a booklet in a sequence, and a link together. It is also called a Mao book, that is, a light book without a cover. twenty two. What is a cover? A: The front cover is the title of the book block after the book is booked and its outer cover is affixed with bread. The cover is also called the book cover, cover, outer seal, etc., and it is divided into one seal, two seals (a front cover), and three seals. Seal four (a post closure). The general books and seals include the titles, publishers, and authors of the seal, and the seals and seals are printed with copyright.